By the terms of Alfred Nobel’s will the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry have been awarded by the Academy since 1901. The awarding ceremony takes place on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. Each prize can be shared by three laureates at the most. The Laureates are announced here and at Nobelprize.org every year in mid-October immediately after they have been chosen. Since 1969, the Academy also awards the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Memory of Alfred Nobel, which is presented at the menu Prize in Economic Sciences.
Time and dates are set for the yearly announcements of the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry as well as the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The announcements, that are followed by a press conference, are to be held the first week of October. The press conferences will be webcast live from our website (no registration needed).
More information and registration for press are available in the Press room
Why have the Laureates received the world’s most prestigious prize? Posters explaining the prize contributions in physics, chemistry and economic sciences are produced annually in Swedish and English.
In connection with the awarding ceremonies in December each year, the Nobel Prize and Economics Laureates hold their prize lectures. Since 1999 the lectures available on the Internet at Nobelprize.org. The official Nobel Lectures by this year's Laureates in Physics, Chemistry and Economic Sciences will be held at Aula Magna in Stockholm, December 8, and will be webcast live here at kva.se and be available as video on demand at KVATV.
The Nobel Lectures 2016
Nominating and awarding
As described in Alfred Nobel's will, the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry should be awarded to "the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics" and "the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement". A prize may be equally divided between two works, each of which is considered to be worthy of a prize. If a work that is rewarded has been produced by two or three persons, the prize shall be awarded to them jointly. Much of today's research is conducted by large research groups and collaborations, and extensive investigative work is put into identifying the key people who have driven and been central to the discoveries, inventions and improvements that are rewarded.
The nomination and selection of the Nobel laureates is managed by the Nobel Committees of the Academy. Each year the committees send invitations to thousands of scientists, Academy members and university professors in numerous countries, asking them to nominate candidates for the Nobel Prize for the coming year. Members of the Academy and previous laureates may also nominate candidates. The nominations are then reviewed by each committee with the help of specially appointed experts. When the committees have made their selection from the proposed laureates and have presented their recommendation to the Academy, the final choice of laureates is decided by a vote. Every year, the Academy's decisions are announced and published on the Academy's website and on Nobelprize.org immediately after the vote in mid-October.